PDE och tillämpningar: Smart and Sustainable – the Universal Scaling Laws of Organisms and Cities.
- Datum: –11.15
- Plats: Ångströmlaboratoriet 64119
- Föreläsare: Attila Szilva
- Arrangör: Matematiska institutionen
- Kontaktperson: Kaj Nyström
Animals from rats to the blue whales are built up from cells arranged in networks. The topology of the underlying networks explains the so-called Kleiber’ scaling law, which states that an animal's metabolic rate scales to the ¾ power of the animal's mass (a cat having a mass 100 times that of a mouse will consume only about 32 times the energy the mouse uses). This scaling is sublinear because the power is less than 1. In the presentation, it will be shown that the infrastructure of cities (the length of electric cables or the number of gas stations) also follows universal sublinear scaling law while in socio-economic dimensions (GDP per capita, innovation, crime) cities are superlinear. They are as a result of the individual interactions proven by a large set of mobile phone data. The concept of scaling and universality is originated in statistical physics where a large complex system emerges from simple interactions, and its behavior is almost totally independent of its microscopic structure.